History and Background
– The New York Times is an American daily newspaper founded in 1851.
– It is published by The New York Times Company.
– The newspaper has a worldwide reported readership of 9.41 million digital-only subscribers and 670,000 print subscribers as of 2023.
– The New York Times has won 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of any newspaper.
– It is considered a national newspaper of record and is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 3rd in the United States.
– The newspaper was founded in 1851 by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones.
– It was initially published by Raymond, Jones & Company.
– The New York Times Company, which is publicly traded, has been governed by the Sulzberger family since 1896.
– A.G. Sulzberger, the fifth generation of the family, is the current publisher and chairman of the company.
– Adolph Ochs gained a controlling interest in the company in 1896 and coined the newspaper’s slogan, ‘All The News That’s Fit To Print.’
Organization and Sections
– The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization since the mid-1970s.
– It has added special weekly sections on various topics to supplement regular news, editorials, sports, and features.
– The newspaper’s emphasis remains on global and U.S. hard news coverage.
– Since 2008, The New York Times has been organized into sections such as News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York (metropolitan), Business, Arts, Science, Styles, Home, and Travel.
– It also includes other features and sections.
Influence and Impact
– The New York Times has had a significant influence on American journalism.
– It played a role in exposing corruption and bringing about political change, such as the end of the Tweed Ring’s domination of New York City Hall.
– The newspaper transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates to becoming more politically independent and analytical in the 1880s.
– The paper’s slogan, ‘All The News That’s Fit To Print,’ was seen as a jab at competing publications known for sensationalist reporting.
– Under the guidance of Adolph Ochs, The New York Times achieved international scope, circulation, and reputation.
Expansion and Innovations
– The New York Times extended its breadth and reach in the 1940s and beyond.
– It introduced air delivery of the newspaper to Philadelphia in 1910 and trans-Atlantic delivery to London by dirigible balloon in 1919.
– The newspaper received the first on-the-spot wireless telegraph transmission from a naval battle during the Russo-Japanese War in 1904.
– The New York Times published a special 4 A.M. Airplane Edition during the 1920 Republican National Convention.
– The newspaper’s leadership, including Arthur Hays Sulzberger and Orvil Dryfoos, contributed to its expansion and innovations.
Landmark Cases and Investigations
– New York Times v. Sullivan (1964): This case established the actual malice standard for press reports about public officials or public figures to be considered defamatory or libelous.
– Pentagon Papers (1971): The New York Times published excerpts of the Pentagon Papers, which revealed the government’s hidden involvement in the Vietnam War. The case reached the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled in favor of The New York Times.
– Investigation into Donald Trump’s fortune and tax avoidance: In October 2018, The New York Times published a detailed investigation into Donald Trump’s self-made fortune and tax avoidance, based on extensive document examination. The report won a Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting.
– Cybersecurity breaches: The New York Times was reportedly targeted by cybersecurity breaches in 2016, which may have been related to other cyberattacks on institutions like the Democratic National Committee.
– Acquisitions and new offerings: The New York Times Company acquired The Athletic, a sports news website, in January 2022, and also acquired Wordle, a popular game. The paper has also introduced new offerings such as television news programs and exclusive newsletters for subscribers.
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