Gerard Salton

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Education and Career
– Born Gerhard Anton Sahlmann in Nuremberg, Germany
– Came to the United States in 1947 and was naturalized in 1952
– Received a Bachelors (1950) and Masters (1952) degree in mathematics from Brooklyn College
– Earned a Ph.D. in applied mathematics from Harvard in 1958
– Joined Cornell University in 1965 and co-founded its department of Computer Science

Honors and Awards
– Editor-in-chief of the Communications of the ACM and the Journal of the ACM
– Chaired the Special Interest Group on Information Retrieval (SIGIR)
– Associate editor of the ACM Transactions on Information Systems
– Elected as an ACM Fellow in 1995
– Received the SIGIR Award for outstanding contributions to the study of Information Retrieval in 1983

– ‘Automatic Information Organization and Retrieval’ (1968)
– ‘A Theory of Indexing’ (1975) co-authored with Michael J. McGill
– ‘Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval’ (1983) co-authored with Michael J. McGill
– ‘Automatic Text Processing’ (1989)
– ‘A Vector Space Model for Automatic Indexing’ (1975) co-authored with A. Wong and C. S. Yang

See Also
– List of pioneers in computer science

– Alla, James. ‘Automatic Hypertext Construction’ (Cornell University)
– ‘The father of Information Retrieval’ (PDF) from
– Salton, G.; Wong, A.; Yang, C. S. ‘A vector space model for automatic indexing’ in Communications of the ACM (1975)
– Spärck Jones, K. ‘A Statistical Interpretation of Term Specificity and Its Application in Retrieval’ in Journal of Documentation (1972)
– Salton, G.; Allan, J.; Buckley, C.; Singhal, A. ‘Automatic Analysis, Theme Generation, and Summarization of Machine-Readable Texts’ in Science (1994)

Gerard Salton (Wikipedia)

Gerard A. "Gerry" Salton (8 March 1927 – 28 August 1995) was a professor of Computer Science at Cornell University. Salton was perhaps the leading computer scientist working in the field of information retrieval during his time, and "the father of Information Retrieval". His group at Cornell developed the SMART Information Retrieval System, which he initiated when he was at Harvard. It was the very first system to use the now popular vector space model for Information Retrieval.

Gerard Salton
Gerhard Anton Sahlmann

(1927-03-08)March 8, 1927
Nuremberg, Germany
DiedAugust 28, 1995(1995-08-28) (aged 68)
EducationBrooklyn College
Harvard University
Known forthe father of Information Retrieval
Gerard Salton Award
Scientific career
Fieldsinformation retrieval
InstitutionsCornell University
ThesisAn automatic data processing system for public utility revenue accounting (1958)
Doctoral advisorHoward Aiken
Doctoral students
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