« Back to Glossary Index

Terminology and History
– ‘Electronic mail’ has been in use since 1975
– Variations of the shorter ‘E-mail’ have been in use since 1979
– ‘Email’ is now the common form and recommended by style guides
– ‘E-mail’ is falling out of favor in some style guides
– ‘Email’ was used by CompuServe starting in April 1981
– Computer-based messaging between users of the same system became possible in the early 1960s
– The first ARPANET network mail was sent in 1971, introducing the familiar address syntax
– Proprietary electronic mail systems began to emerge in the 1970s
– The Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) was implemented on the ARPANET in 1983
– The current Internet suite of SMTP, POP3, and IMAP email protocols became the standard in 1995

– The sender formats the message and uses the submission protocol to send it to the local mail submission agent (MSA)
– The MSA determines the destination address and resolves the domain name
– The DNS server responds with MX records listing the mail exchange servers for the domain
– The message is sent to the recipient’s ISP’s MTA server
– The MDA delivers the message to the recipient’s mailbox, which can be accessed using POP3 or IMAP

Message Format
– An email consists of an envelope and content
– The content includes a header and a body
– Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) allow for text in other character sets and multimedia content attachments
– International email addresses using UTF-8 are standardized but not widely adopted
– Fields within emails, such as To, From, CC, BCC, were defined in RFC-680 in 1975

Email Systems
– Email operates across computer networks, primarily the Internet, and local area networks
– Today’s email systems are based on a store-and-forward model
– Users and their computers are not required to be online simultaneously
ASCII text-only communications evolved to support multimedia content
– Webmail services provide an alternative way to access email

– ‘Email’ is the recommended spelling, replacing ‘E-mail’
– CompuServe started using ‘Email’ in April 1981
– The current email protocols (SMTP, POP3, and IMAP) became the standard in 1995
– Email can be accessed using POP3 or IMAP
– Webmail services provide an alternative way to access email

Email (Wikipedia)

Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of transmitting and receiving messages using electronic devices. It was conceived in the late–20th century as the digital version of, or counterpart to, mail (hence e- + mail). Email is a ubiquitous and very widely used communication medium; in current use, an email address is often treated as a basic and necessary part of many processes in business, commerce, government, education, entertainment, and other spheres of daily life in most countries.

This screenshot shows the "Inbox" page of an email client; users can see new emails and take actions, such as reading, deleting, saving, or responding to these messages.
When a "robot" on Wikipedia makes changes to image files, the uploader receives an email about the changes made.

Email operates across computer networks, primarily the Internet, and also local area networks. Today's email systems are based on a store-and-forward model. Email servers accept, forward, deliver, and store messages. Neither the users nor their computers are required to be online simultaneously; they need to connect, typically to a mail server or a webmail interface to send or receive messages or download it.

Originally an ASCII text-only communications medium, Internet email was extended by Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) to carry text in other character sets and multimedia content attachments. International email, with internationalized email addresses using UTF-8, is standardized but not widely adopted.

« Back to Glossary Index

Submit your RFP

We can't wait to read about your project. Use the form below to submit your RFP!

Gabrielle Buff
Gabrielle Buff

Just left us a 5 star review

Great customer service and was able to walk us through the various options available to us in a way that made sense. Would definitely recommend!

Stoute Web Solutions has been a valuable resource for our business. Their attention to detail, expertise, and willingness to help at a moment's notice make them an essential support system for us.

Paul and the team are very professional, courteous, and efficient. They always respond immediately even to my minute concerns. Also, their SEO consultation is superb. These are good people!

Paul Stoute & his team are top notch! You will not find a more honest, hard working group whose focus is the success of your business. If you’re ready to work with the best to create the best for your business, go Stoute Web Solutions; you’ll definitely be glad you did!

Wonderful people that understand our needs and make it happen!

Paul is the absolute best! Always there with solutions in high pressure situations. A steady hand; always there when needed; I would recommend Paul to anyone!

Vince Fogliani

The team over at Stoute web solutions set my business up with a fantastic new website, could not be happier

Steve Sacre

If You are looking for Website design & creativity look no further. Paul & his team are the epitome of excellence.Don't take my word just refer to my website ""that Stoute Web Solutions created.This should convince anyone that You have finally found Your perfect fit

Jamie Hill

Paul and the team at Stoute Web are amazing. They are super fast to answer questions. Super easy to work with, and knows their stuff. 10,000 stars.

Paul and the team from Stoute Web solutions are awesome to work with. They're super intuitive on what best suits your needs and the end product is even better. We will be using them exclusively for our web design and hosting.

Dean Eardley

Beautifully functional websites from professional, knowledgeable team.

Along with hosting most of my url's Paul's business has helped me with website development, graphic design and even a really cool back end database app! I highly recommend him as your 360 solution to making your business more visible in today's social media driven marketplace.

I hate dealing with domain/site hosts. After terrible service for over a decade from Dreamhost, I was desperate to find a new one. I was lucky enough to win...

Paul Stoute has been extremely helpful in helping me choose the best package to suite my needs. Any time I had a technical issue he was there to help me through it. Superb customer service at a great value. I would recommend his services to anyone that wants a hassle free and quality experience for their website needs.

Paul is the BEST! I am a current customer and happy to say he has never let me down. Always responds quickly and if he cant fix the issue right away, if available, he provides you a temporary work around while researching the correct fix! Thanks for being an honest and great company!!

Paul Stoute is absolutely wonderful. Paul always responds to my calls and emails right away. He is truly the backbone of my business. From my fantastic website to popping right up on Google when people search for me and designing my business cards, Paul has been there every step of the way. I would recommend this company to anyone.

I can't say enough great things about Green Tie Hosting. Paul was wonderful in helping me get my website up and running quickly. I have stayed with Green...